Wells were first constructed more than 8,000 years ago, and since then the methods to create them have grown more and more complex. Two of the most common ways to drill a well is vertical drilling and horizontal directional drilling, also known as HDD. Horizontal drilling is often preferred because it can result in a well that’s 3 to 5 times larger than a vertically drilled hole. The global horizontal directional drilling market is expected to reach $14.95 billion by 2022. As with any industry, certain tools and items are required to engage in HDD drilling, and this article will take a look at a few of those items.
- HDD Reamers: One type of item that you will need for HDD drilling is known as HDD reamers. More specifically, these refer to a category of HDD bits that can be used to drill through a variety of conditions. Different HDD reamers will be needed for different conditions, and the HDD reamers you need will entirely depend on where the well is located.
- Mud Motors: Another type of item that you will need for HDD drilling is known as mud motors. Mud motors first became common in the 1970s and typically achieve a normal rotation speed of 60 rpm to 100 rpm. Mud motors are specifically designed to be used in drilling operations.
- Plugbusters: And finally, a third type of item that you will need for HDD drilling is known as plugbusters. These are a special type of drill bit that are specifically used to force the drill through obstructions that may be encountered during the drilling process. Plugbusters are used to get through the obstructions that regular drill bits can’t get through. In fact, plugbusters need to be used for these obstructions because it will prevent regular drill bits from getting unnecessarily broken and wasted, which in turn will help the drilling operation save money in the long run.
In conclusion, there are several items that you will need to engage in HDD drilling. These items include, but are not limited to: HDD reamers, mud motors, and plugbusters. It should be noted that these are just among the most basic items that you will need for HDD drilling. A full-scale operation will require much more than this.